Home » 2017 » May » 5 » Mongolia armed forces
5:43 PM
Mongolia armed forces

In 2005, Mongolia's military had 8,600 dynamic staff, with stores of 137,000. The Army had 7,500 work force, whose hardware included 370 fundamental fight tanks, 120 observation vehicles, 310 reinforced infantry battling vehicles, 150 heavily clad staff bearers, and 570 big guns pieces. The Air Force had 800 work force whose real gear included 11 assault helicopters and 9 settled wing transport airplane. Paramilitary strengths comprised of an outskirt monitor numbering 6,000 and 1,200 inner security troops. Mongolia's protection spending plan in 2005 totaled $17.6 million.


As a brought together state, Mongolia follows its causes to the Mongol Empire made by Genghis Khan in the thirteenth century. Genghis Khan brought together the different tribes on the Mongol steppe, and his relatives in the long run vanquished nearly the whole of Asia, the Middle East, and parts of Eastern Europe. The military of the Mongol Empire is respected to be the principal present day military framework. 

The Mongol Army was composed into decimal units of tens, hundreds, thousands, and ten thousands. A prominent element of the armed force is that it was made altogether out of mounted force units, giving it the benefit of mobility. Attack weaponry was adjusted from different societies, with outside specialists incorporated into the charge structure. 

The Mongols infrequently utilized maritime power, with a couple of exemptions. In the 1270s they utilized seapower while vanquishing the Song administration of China, however they were not able mount effective seaborne crusades against Japan because of tempests and unpleasant fights. Around the Eastern Mediterranean, their battles were solely arrive based, with the oceans being controlled by the Crusader and Mamluk strengths. 

With the breaking down of the Mongol Empire in the late thirteenth century, the Mongol Army as a brought together unit likewise disintegrated. The Mongols withdrawn back to their country after the fall of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty, and by and by dove into common war. In spite of the fact that the Mongols ended up noticeably joined by and by amid the rule of Queen Mandukhai and Batmongkhe Dayan Khan, in the seventeenth century they were attached into the Qing Dynasty.

Battles of Khalkhin Gol

The Battles of Khalkhin Gol started on 11 May 1939. A Mongolian mounted force unit of somewhere in the range of 70–90 men had entered the debated region looking for touching for their stallions. On that day, Manchukuoan mounted force assaulted the Mongolians and drove them back over the Khalkhin Gol. On 13 May, the Mongolian constrain returned in more noteworthy numbers and the Manchukoans were not able remove them. 

On 14 May, Lt. Col. Yaozo Azuma drove the observation regiment of 23rd Infantry Division, bolstered by the 64th Infantry Regiment of a similar division, under Colonel Takemitsu Yamagata, into the domain and the Mongolians pulled back. Soviet and Mongolian troops come back to the questioned locale, be that as it may, and Azuma's compel again moved to oust them. This time things turned out in an unexpected way, as the Soviet-Mongolian strengths encompassed Azuma's compel on 28 May and devastated it. The Azuma constrain endured eight officers and 97 men killed and one officer and 33 men injured, for 63% aggregate losses. The administrator of the Soviet strengths and the Far East Front was Comandarm Grigori Shtern from May 1938. 

Both sides started developing their powers in the territory: soon Japan had 30,000 men in the theater. The Soviets dispatched another Corps officer, Comcor Georgy Zhukov, who landed on 5 June and brought more mechanized and protected strengths (I Army Group) to the battle zone. Accompanying Zhukov was Comcor Yakov Smushkevich with his aeronautics unit. J. Lkhagvasuren, Corps Commissar of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Army, was designated Zhukov's delegate. 

The Battles of Khalkhin Gol was finished on 16 September 1939.

World War II

First and foremost phase of World War II, the Mongolian People's Army was included in the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, when Japanese strengths, together with the manikin condition of Manchukuo, endeavored to attack Mongolia from the Khalkha River. Soviet strengths under the charge of Georgy Zhukov, together with Mongolian powers, vanquished the Japanese Sixth armed force and successfully finished the Soviet–Japanese Border Wars. 

In 1945, Mongolian strengths partaken in the Soviet attack of Manchuria under the order of the Red Army, among the last engagements of World War II. A Soviet-Mongolian Cavalry automated gathering under Issa Pliyev participated as a major aspect of the Soviet Transbaikal Front.Mongolian troops numbered four mounted force divisions and three different regiments. Amid 1946–1948, the Mongolian People's Army effectively repulsed assaults from the Kuomintang's Hui regiment and their Kazakh partners in the fringe amongst Mongolia and Xinjiang. The assaults were spread by the Ili Rebellion, a Soviet-sponsored revolt by the Second East Turkestan Republic against the Kuomintang Government of the Republic of China. This little-known outskirt debate amongst Mongolia and the Republic of China ended up noticeably known as the Pei-ta-shan Incident. 

These engagements would be the last dynamic fights the Mongolian Army would see, until after the majority rule insurgency. 


Mongolia has a one of a kind military strategy because of its geopolitical position and monetary circumstance. Being between two of the world's biggest countries, Mongolian military have a constrained capacity to ensure its freedom against remote intrusions; the nation's national security thusly depends unequivocally on tact, a prominent piece of which is the Third neighbor strategy. The nation's military perfect is to make and keep up a little yet effective and proficient military.

Ground Force

Mongolian General Purpose Force

The Ground Forces have more than 470 tanks, 650 Infantry Fighting Vehicles and defensively covered work force transporters, 500 portable hostile to air ship weapons, more than 700 ordnance and mortar and other military gear. The vast majority of them are old Soviet Union models composed between the late 1950s to mid 1980s. There are fewer fresher models composed in post-Soviet Russia.

Air Force

Mongolian Air Force

On May 25, 1925 a Junkers F.13 entered benefit as the principal air ship in Mongolian common and military aviation. By 1935 Soviet flying machine were situated in the nation. In May 1937 the aviation based armed forces was renamed the Mongolian People's Republic Air Corps. Amid 1939–1945 the Soviets conveyed Polikarpov I-15s, Polikarpov I-16s, Yak-9s and Ilyushin Il-2s. By 1966 the main SA-2 SAM units entered benefit, and the aviation based armed forces was renamed the Air Force of the Mongolian People's Republic. The MiG-15UTI and MiG-17 the primary battle stream airplane in the Mongolian stock, entered benefit in 1970 and by the mid-1970s was joined by MiG-21s, Mi-8s and Ka-26s. 

After the finish of the Cold War and the approach of the Democratic Revolution, the aviation based armed forces was viably grounded because of an absence of fuel and extra parts. Notwithstanding, the legislature has been attempting to restore the flying corps since 2001. The current Armed Forces keeps up an Air Forces Defense Command (Агаарын довтолгооноос хамгаалах цэргийн командлал), under the charge of the General Staff. The nation has the objective of building up a full flying corps in the future.

In 2011, the Ministry of Defense reported that they would purchase MiG-29s from Russia before the finish of the year. In October 2012 the Ministry of Defense gave back an advanced Airbus A310-300 to MIAT Mongolian Airlines.From 2007 – 2011 the dynamic armada of MiG-21s was reduced. In 2013 the Air Force inspected the likelihood of purchasing three C-130J transport planes, produced by Lockheed Martin.

Naval Force

The Mongolian Navy consists of a single vessel, the "Sukhbaatar III", which is stationed on Lake Uvs , located about 7 miles (11 km) from the Russian Border. The Navy is made up of 7 men, making it the smallest navy in the world.


Category: about Mongolia | Views: 183 | Added by: mjmijid | Tags: Armed Forces | Rating: 0.0/0
Total comments: 0